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Variational implicit-solvent predictions of the dry–wet transition pathways for ligand–receptor binding and unbinding kinetics
时间  Datetime
2019-08-15 10:30 — 11:30 
地点  Venue
630
报告人  Speaker
Shenggao Zhou
单位  Affiliation
Soochow University
邀请人  Host
Zhenli Xu
报告摘要  Abstract

Ligand–receptor binding and unbinding are fundamental biomolecular processes and particularly essential to drug efficacy. Environmental water fluctuations, however, impact the corresponding thermodynamics and kinetics and thereby challenge theoretical descriptions. We devise a holistic, implicit-solvent, multi- method approach to predict the (un)binding kinetics for a generic ligand–pocket model. We use the variational implicit-solvent model (VISM) to calculate the solute–solvent interfacial structures and the corresponding free energies, and combine the VISM with the string method to obtain the minimum energy paths and transition states between the various metastable (“dry” and “wet”) hydration states. The resulting dry–wet transition rates are then used in a spatially dependent multistate continuous-time Markov chain Brownian dynamics simulation and the related Fokker–Planck equation calculations of the ligand stochastic motion, providing the mean first-passage times for binding and unbinding. We find the hydration transitions to significantly slow down the binding process, in semiquantitative agreement with existing explicit-water simulations, but significantly accelerate the unbinding process. Moreover, our methods allow the characterization of nonequilibrium hydration states of pocket and ligand during the ligand movement, for which we find substantial memory and hysteresis effects for binding vs. unbinding. Our study thus provides a significant step forward toward efficient, physics-based interpretation and predictions of the complex kinetics in realistic ligand–receptor systems. This is a joint work with Dr. R. G. Weiß, L. Cheng, J. Dzubiella, J. A. McCammon, and B. Li.